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|Do higher bets on a slot machine change the odds of winning||He is in total defiance of this theory and says that the machine knows if you play more and that you will hit more often. These slot machine types include:. It can be difficult, if not impossible, to tell the difference between a video slot machine and a video lottery terminal. These are all slot machines centrally controlled by a computer onsite at the casino. In the U. Therefore, as all statisticians know, patterns emerge. Slot machines can be divided up into methods by which their odds of winning are set.|
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Department of the Interior. So, within this overall context, who controls slot machine odds? At a high level, gaming regulators determine the legal limits, if any, for payout returns on slot machines. This is accomplished via state law or negotiated compacts, and usually not changed for a decade, if that often. Casinos operators are, often but not always, required to provide weekly or monthly reports on actual payout returns to show their gaming authority they are compliant.
Sometimes, depending on each gaming jurisdiction, these statistical reports are then provided to the public by the state gaming commission. Going further, these regular reports can break down these actual payout returns by casino, table games, slot machines, gaming machines, by the denomination of slot machines within a specific casino, or even if the machine has a progressive jackpot. What is done is very specific to the gaming jurisdiction where the casino is located. Given all these variability of what is or is not done within a U.
So, at its high level, slot machines are controlled by gaming regulators by the placement of legal requirements for payout return percentages. Sometimes, however, these state-specific gaming regulators do not set limits on payout returns. Put another way, they have deliberately chosen to not set legal limits. When this happens, somewhat obviously, casino operators do not have a legal requirement for setting payout returns.
However, to remain open and not close due to lack of customers, they still have to be careful to not set their payout returns too low. To do so is just good business. About a decade later, most slot machines had this RNG, which allowed for easily adjustable odds of winning. Beforehand, the odds of winning were set in an entirely mechanical manner. This worked well for decades, until the technical development of slot machines began to cause difficulties.
Basically, as credits to bet and number of pay lines increased, the physical mechanisms for determining odds began to reach certain physical limits. Slot enthusiasts loved having a choice of how many credits to bet, as well as playing a slot machine with more than one pay line.
Increased credits and pay lines also led to much higher jackpots. All of these developments led to odds of winning being needed for many more possible outcomes, which mechanical devices for determining the odds of winning began to not be able to handle. In fact, these mechanical devices began to fall behind and actually became less and less random in nature.
As an aside, the topic of randomness is actually quite interesting. True randomness is very difficult, if not literally impossible, to generate. Technically speaking, there is no such thing as an existing perfectly random number generator. At best, there are only pseudo random number generators, one variant of which was patented by Bally Technologies in Moving away from our brief sortie into the philosophy of randomness, the invention of the RNG solved for slot machine manufacturers this limitation of mechanical devices for determining randomness in slot machines.
But, it created another problem: With adjustable odds of winning via electronic RNGs, casinos would need to have a large workforce to do that adjusting. And so, that is what casinos did. They built and trained a workforce of slot mechanics to adjust the odds of winning on their new slot machines to meet their desired performance metrics. However, the size of that workforce would increase tremendously depending on how often those odds of winning were adjusted.
Most recently, since or so, relatively newer casinos have been able to reduce this costly workforce thanks to new casino operating systems. Doing so requires sufficient building infrastructure, such as clearance beneath floors and behind walls, to allow for these many, many cable connections. This is only practically possible in all new casinos being built as well as older casinos being heavily renovated.
That is to say, renovated to have far more than simply new carpeting and wallpaper. With wired connections from slot machines to a central computer, the reduced cost of a smaller workforce of slot mechanics, much faster adjustment of casino performance metrics to daily or even hourly updates, and more satisfied customers due to efficiently run events, the question remains. Who controls slot machine odds? Because slot machines can be categorized by how their odds are set.
And, how those odds are physically set will tell us who really controls them. Slot machines can be divided up into methods by which their odds of winning are set. These slot machine types include:. Standalone slot machines are those which are most often found in older casinos, but are technically slot machines including within their cabinets the ability to set and provide odds of winning with a random number generator.
A workforce of slot mechanics adjust the odds of winning periodically as directed by the casino operator. In general, there is a limited number of settings available for these older slot machines. YouTube videos are available from individuals who have personally purchased an older style, standalone slot machine showing exactly how these odds are set.
For those videos I have viewed, there were six possible settings which could be entered after opening up the slot machine door. These settings were based on codes from a booklet provided by the slot machine manufacturer. Keep in mind that videos such as these are the general source of knowledge most people have about the internal workings of slot machines.
Besides which, accessing the control for changing the odds of a slot machine is quite problematic. The slot machine is alarmed, so any tampering without official access employee card key, entry code, physical key are required to even open a slot machine door. Not to mention, the casino surveillance system sees all. Discussing the three types of Progressive Slot Machines mentioned will be the dedicated topic for another time. Briefly, the amount of the Progressive jackpot is primarily based on how many slot machines are included.
For instance, these can be a carousel of slot machines in a certain area of a casino, it can be a larger number of slot machines located throughout a casino, or a large group of Progressive slot machines located at multiple casinos. These large group could actually be of two types: multiple properties of the same casino operator, or multiple casino operators, within a single gaming jurisdiction, i. Already discussed are slot machines remotely controlled onsite at a casino through the use of a central computer operating system.
Only new or heavily renovated casinos have the facility infrastructure to handle the sheer number of cables necessary. If they are controlled onsite, these slot machines have their odds of winning adjusted daily or hourly by remote access. How often these adjustments are made is, rather unfortunately at this time, a matter of debate.
The rumor I heard was that a slot machine must be idle for at least 15 minutes without a players card being inserted before the casino is allowed, if desired, to remotely adjust its odds of winning. Further, the rumor stated that this practice was typical and originally based on Nevada gaming regulations. Alternatively, it may well be an accepted business practice built-in to the advanced casino operating systems.
Why do I feel strongly that slots players are protected from having their odds of winnings reduced while playing? Finally, there are slot machines having their odds controlled off-site by state gaming regulators. These are most or all video lottery terminals style slot machines. Video lottery terminals are, as their name implies, instant lottery machines. That means they are controlled by the state lottery, which is set up to remotely handle many, many such terminals at any given moment.
Who controls slot machine odds at a casino you are considering whether or not to visit? The top level choice is really about your own gambling goals, as also discussed on my webpage Identifying Gambling Goals or, alternatively, within Professor Slots podcast episode 5: Identifying Gambling Goals, Arizona Slots But, whether your gambling goal is entertainment, earning maximum comps, or take-home money, having better odds of winning on a slot machine will help accomplish that goal.
So, ignoring other important considerations such as drive time, the spread of the buffet, players club, and etc. Casinos with standalone slot machines where the actual machine in front of you has its own dedicated random number generator is relatively easily determined. He is in total defiance of this theory and says that the machine knows if you play more and that you will hit more often.
Could you please let us know who is right, maybe he would bet and lose less in the future? He thinks the big wins come more often if you bet less. It seems that the relatively higher dollar winning combinations usually occur more frequently when only one or two units are played rather than when the maximum three units are played. So which way is it? It just generates random numbers corresponding to reel symbols.
If you happen to be betting more when those random numbers lead to a big winning combination, so much the better. You can check out the slot payout percentage charts in Strictly Slots every month and see that penny games pay less than nickel games, which pay less than quarter, which pay less than dollars, and so on.
But the most common method of giving the higher denomination games higher payback percentages is to change the set of numbers available to the random number generator. A penny video slot and a nickel version of the same game might look identical and have the same pay tables, but the nickel games contains more numbers leading to certain winning combination within the set given to the RNG.
The percentage of winning combinations does not change as long as you stay on the same machine, at the same coin denomination. As for A. Player, he acknowledges the old truism about betting the max to get the highest payback percentages. This remains true at most reel-stepper slots, although not on most multiline video slots. The reason reel steppers pay more with max coin in is a disproportionate jump in the top jackpot.