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He has also impressed in Scotland this season with Motherwell currently third in the Premiership. Healy's stock continues to rise following Linfield's impressive run in Europe this summer when they narrowly missed out on reaching the group stages of the Europa League. Here's our main Belfast Live Facebook page. On Twitter, you can follow our account by clicking here. If you're a lover of photos, then check out our Instagram.

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This sequel to Royal Road is the 2nd fast-paced, intricately plotted installment of the Sentinels of New Orleans series. Six months after the events of Boneshaker , Rector "Wreck 'Em" Sherman turns 18, meaning that he must leave the orphange and make his way in the world -- or at least, what's left of it.

Addicted to the narcotic "sap" distilled from the toxic gas that poisons the air of the walled-in city of Seattle, Wreck 'Em is also haunted by the memory of Zeke Wilkes, a boy whom he once smuggled into the city most likely to his death. To atone, Wreck 'Em decides to brave the streets of Seattle, now inhabited by zombie-like "rotters," and locate Zeke's remains Although The Inexplicables is the 5th book in Cherie Priest's Clockwork Century series, only knowledge of Boneshaker is required to fully enjoy this particular installment.

Kingdoms Divided. Epic Fantasy. Sibling rivalry is at the heart of Banewreaker. In the beginning of the world, seven brothers and sisters created the land of Urulat. Things turned nasty when Haomone, the eldest brother, took exception to the generosity of his younger brother, Satoris. A terrible war resulted from their rift, leaving the world torn apart and Satoris hated by most, even the humans he was kind to.

Years later, part of a prophecy suggests that if Satoris is killed, the world can be put together again -- but you can bet Satoris isn't going down without a fight. If you enjoy this fascinating tale of gods, monsters, and humans, check out the sequel, Godslayer. Fairy Tale Fantasy. After religious zealot Hakkim Mehdad stages a coup in the city of Bessa, he orders his men to lead the deposed sultan's concubines into the desert and kill them. However, the women have other ideas. Led by trained assassin Zuleika, wise elder Gursoon, and cursed librarian Rem, the former harem girls conceive of a plan to retake the city, cast out the usurper, and restore order -- or die trying.

Structured as a series of nested tales, similar to the stories-within-stories that comprise The Arabian Nights , The Steel Seraglio may appeal to fans of Catherynne M. Symir, also known as the Drowning City, is the port city of Sivahra and currently occupied by the Assari Empire.

Rife with revolutionaries plotting to overthrow the Imperial government, it's the perfect place for forensic necromancer and spy Isyllt Iskaldur to foment rebellion. If she succeeds in causing an uprising, the Assari Empire will be greatly weakened, thus preventing an invasion of her homeland of Selafai.

But Isyllt doesn't expect to sympathize with the rebels she's meant to be manipulating. Full of strong, memorable characters and political intrigue, this opening installment of the Necromancer Chronicles is followed by The Bone Palace and Kingdoms of Dust.

The City Imperishable is in grave danger of But what will cause its collapse? The invading armies marching steadily towards its gates? The sudden disappearance of the City's de facto sovereign? Or perhaps the wrath of the ancient gods trapped within its walls? H 8 Pinellas Park, Fla. Thursday will see halter 0 classes, and performance will be on Friday. Cash prizes and trophies will be awarded horse winners as is customary in the beef and dairy show. Herefords will be judged first at p.

An FFA area judging contest will be held Friday at a. The first performance of the Silver Spurs Rodeo will start at p. Final performance of the rodeo will be Sunday Dangerous liver flukes rob your herd of afternoon at Head Weight Cwt. See Table I for com- Action by this group increased instate jump to graded, mixed-owner, guaranparisons.

As yet no Florida sale A brief summary of each sale com- further insuring general good demand. This has been done yet been completed for possible analyses, effective advertising, in most other southeastern states, and some observations and conclusions can Considerable variation exists between last year other states' sales have averaged be made on Florida's feeder sales.

De- our sales in degree of organization. Some between Howard Giles, local producer associations, others are above. Marketing Specialist, Agricultural Ex- sponsored and conducted entirely by in- A few graded mixed-owner feeder pig tension Service, summaries of which are dividual auctions. Sale Date Market No. Jackson County Cattlemen's Ass'n Mar. Lucie County Cattlemen's Ass'n Aug. Angus Ass'n Sept. Petersburg is the scene for this picture of a beefy purebred Charolais brood cow and her young calf.

Lazy W Ranch is owned by Mr. Otto Weaver. Theodore DS will be one of the bull features of the sale. Many of the cows sold will have calves at side. Two days later, on Monady, February 11, DS Ranch will stage its first production sale at the ranch located near Clearwater.

Walon Houck of Edna, Texas, will serve as auctioneer for both events and Brown and Culbreath of Leesburg will be sale managers for both sales. The Ocala sale will begin at p. The majority of animals selling will be females, but several bulls will also be offered.

DS Ranch, owned by D. The 2 consignment will feature 10 bulls and 65 females, with many having calves at side. Salls points out. Otto Weaver 26th Avenue N. Petersburg; H. Sugar Corporation, Clewiston. Heifers from this herd are ing program. He has been using Char- used to supplement a mixed herd of commercial cattle in order to upgrade them toward olais bulls since Purebred Charolais are used as sires.

Epco is a commercial cattle operation started about by "Bud" Epperson's bred cattle. In fact, he prefers to keep and hardiness with close attention being dad from cattle bought from Lykes Broth- the cattle something less than purebreds given to the conformation of the rear end ers. Since that year various breeds have since he is convinced that he gains a great of the bulls.

This point is rated especially been tried in the breeding program. Heifers from the Charolais this is an area where it is felt that much done for our herd is improve the calf crop herd are continually added to the native additional weight can be added. Bulls percentage. This is accom- relatively young and fed and cared for on Eleven Charolais cows and bulls were plished by rotating the bulls about every the place where they are to be used.

His added to the native herd in Various four months during the warmer time of experiences with bulls of an older age have traits of the cattle were liked--especially the year and about every days dur- not been good. He finds that bulls bought their size, color, and hardiness. Since ing the colder months. Most of the calves at about 18 months of age are the ones then the cattle operation has evolved to are born between December 15 and March that have done the best job for him.

Chara two herd operation featuring one herd 15 under this system. When a bull is olais bulls don't seem to hold up too much with nothing but Charbray cows and pure- taken away from the herd he is given a better than other breeds at Epco, but it bred Charolais bulls and one herd of rest period during which time he is fed is felt that this can be contributed to the mixed native cattle with purebred Char- a high roughage ration free choice.

Ep- fact that they are so much more active in olais bulls, person attempts to keep the bulls in good their breeding habits. The long range plans are to have the flesh but not fat. He finds that the rest A substantial part of the cattle operanative herd progress to a complete Char- period is vital to the Charolais bulls be- tion is the feeding program. The perbray herd by the constant use of the pure- cause they are vigorous breeders and tend formance of the Charolais-cross cattle has bred bulls.

Epperson does not intend to to overwork themselves, been impressive in this area also. Epperchange the purpose of the herd from com- The 14 bulls that are now in use at son finds that they gain faster than the mercial beef production to raising pure- Epco were selected on individual merit other cattle on his place and that their general response to feed is definitely one of the factors that has sold him on the breed.

About head are marketed each year as products of the feeding program. All heifers and steers are put on the program at about pounds and are fed on a low concentrate ration for 60 days at which time the animals are looked over to select the heifers that will be kept for the herd replacements and additions. Those heifers that are left plus the steers are then fed a higher concentrate ration for another 60 days or until they reach approximately pounds when they are sold.

Most of the steers grade a high standard when sold. Epperson is confident that the Charolais steers sold from his ranch will show up well under the dual grading system. He is also pleased with the response of heifers to the feed. Epperson also supplements The cow herd is fed during the winter this herd with the addition of Charbray heifers. Southeastern FEB. Key TW Ranch C. Ranch Meadowland Ranch H. Sugar Corp. Mineral is fed free choice. The fortified hay is distributed to the cattle in windrows laid out on the pasture.

The feeding is disconin tinued after April 15 each year. This will mean 16 miles west of Arcadia on hwy. Epperson is a member of the Florida p reet nuaew Cattlemen's Association, Farm Bureau and active in the soil conservation efforts Saturday February 23, of his area.

Sale starts promptly at p. Ranch telephone: MO The pine growth and cut have Houston 27, Texas been equal. When Fred W. Turner and Harl R. Thomas partners at one time , began importing fullblood Charolais bulls into this country in the early 's, Mexico was the only place on the North Ameri- Calved January 25, can continent from which they could be obtained. Pugibet herd.

They had been imported 16 mos. They also pur- You are welcome to visit the ranch and see his chased two bulls from Charles Dick of sire, dam and their progeny. These bulls, Ulema and Voltiguer, sister is now one of our top brood cowshad been previously purchased from the anther is one of our finest replacement heifers, Pugibet herd. Two years later, in , three more and we are looking forward to the next big fullblood Charolais bulls, Wee, White and calf by his sire and dam.

Wild, were added to the herd battery of 4T. These three bulls, like the others, were also a part of the Pugibet herd, being acquired from Charolais, S. In , Walhalla and Waton, two more E. Lawrence K. Jennings, Owner Mr. Vernon Wallers, Mgr. Puebla, Mexico, one of the members of Charolais S. It was about this time, too, that 4T Ranches, in cooperation with Gilley, acquired the breeding services of the bull, Tizoc, in exchange for the services of 4T's bull, Ugolin. Come by, look olais cattle in this country were plentiful them over, anytime.

In fact, he worked to set such a show at the Box , Rt. Hill Farm. All heifers are being -they came from Florida. Doug- kept to build the herd and the bulls are las, manager of K Bar Ranch at Zephyr- being sold to local cattlemen. The eight Charbray heifers and one las from Goellnicht. This bull is to be used in the blood does not make a Company. The aim of the project is herd of a big breeder in Tobago. He will to improve the food situation in Trinidad be used on a herd of Zebu's and Jamaica good animal for tropical and the arrival of the Charolais cattle rep- Reds.

He is a fine specimen and should or semi-tropical coun- resented the opening of the beef project. It has also vigorous health that makes them resistant been used by the faculty of Agriculture to pests and diseases. Augustine, Trinidad, for exthe project from Pointe-a-Pierre to an- perimental work. Some of the visitors other portion of the company's 10, have come from as far away as India, Euacres at Piparo and Tabaquite, Trinidad.

It has been thought that good beef cattle Douglas was met by Trinidad govern could not be raised profitably on the is- ment officials while in Trinidad and given AYAVALLA land, but the oil company thinks differ- a tour of the island. In addition to a fast growing popula- Dr.

Box steady food situation. Sugar and bananas DR. A great many Charolais-blooded cattle over the years have been sold throughout this country due to the outstanding performance of Charbray cattle. The Charbray is a functional animal, and no "chinchilla breed.

It is a well known fact that Charbray See us at the sale. We are selling 10 mature cows, cattle in general have much greater wean- all heavy springers or will have calves at side. Come see us! Visitors are in such demand, and in particular welcome at all times. Charbray cattle have been reported on more than one occasion to eat anything from Spanish moss to grass covered with icicles, their "ice cream" as one breeder C put it, and they have quite a reputation Box Phone: TRinity for their innate resistance to insects and all of the various pests which beset cattlemen today.

This has cost the eyesight of a 1 Purebred brood cow carrying service of Master Kado. We have always said our 'Charbray were more ira- 1 Purebred bull coming 2 year old sired by Master Kado with mune to disease and insects than any cat-I above purebred cow as dam. When the face fly plague hit us, we thought this was one Reasons To Attend The Place the Charbray would surely have toSA be helped along with the other cattle.

We Consignments by. Lenssen to find an area of greater calm. This is a feed specifically formulated for hand The remainder of the story to date has feeding bred sows and gilts. The Volusia-Flagler II their share may be fed on pasture, concrete County line goes through the acreage loor any clean area.

No insurance can save you and LeBEL Eep yours from death when lightning The pastures have all been cleared and strikes! Coastal Bermuda hay is stored tem installed in your home or for winter use. The work done on these other property. Today, write or pastures and in the reclamation of some phone for information: of the land led to Lenssen's selection in g as the outstanding conservation farmer of Flagler County.

Lenssen's herd has thus far produced two calf crops. The new breeder's interest in Charolais cattle is further shown by the A dc rossbreeding program that is being carATried out by using Charolais bulls in a separate commercial herd. Lessen's interest in cattle is traced back to the years that he worked with them while growing up in Connecticut. Leaner Carcasses Increased Weaning Weights Of some interest to purebred and commercial cattlemen alike, the book begins with a brief history of the cattle, starting with their origin in France, and goes through importations into Mexico, and finally to the development of today's Charolais in the United States.

Statistical facts are offered showing the growth in numbers and breeders in this country, as well as a comparison of More pounds per day of age. Higher dressing percentages. Charolais weight gains as compared with those of other breeds. More cash in your pocket. Ask the man who tried it! Characteristics of the white breed are given, telling what the standards of excellence are, as well as how Charolais compare with other beef breeds found in the United States.

India Conducts Houston A. Vaughan, Kyle, elbow. Open Pollinated Corn Chufas of a Charolais bull are as follows: "Her head is medium in length, femCowpeas a Clover Crotalaria "General appearance should reveal an nine in character, and finely cut. Her Hairy Indigo Millets attractive individual, with vigor and ias- horns are round and white, and well set culinity, and a harmonious blending of without coarseness at the base.

She holds Milo Hegari Peanuts essential qualities, her ears alertly. She should have a Potatoes Sesbania "The head should be relatively small straight nose with broad muzzle and Sorghums Soybeans Sunflower and short. The face should be broad, large, open nostrils. She has full, bright Velvet Beans Watermelon flat or slightly concave Her jaw is strong, and her ing.

The muzzle should be large, and throat clearly defined. Grasses the jaws stout. The back is strong "A broad and thick back is desirable, and straight and level. She has a long with lots of length and depth of loin. Her thurls are set wide apart, and Make sure you get only the reliable, fine hair. The hindlegs should be bold, with large "The forelegs should set square and tendons that are well defined.

Medium wide apart with lots of strength and fairly length pasterns that are strong and heavy bone. The hindlegs should be springy are desirable, and hocks should wide apart, also with fairly heavy bone. The forelegs are set hock to pastern.

All feet should be large and "A deep and well hooped rib is best, well rounded. Fine hair denotes quality. Ribs should be strong, viding ample digestive ability, strength well supported and wide apart. The and vigor. The heart girth should be heartgirth is strong and deep, and the rM strong and deep, resulting from well chest floor is wide between the forelegs. Finlayson, Greenville, vice president; Louis Gilbreath, St.

Other Executive committee members not shown include: J. Bryan Dye, Fort Lauderdale; J. Abney Cox, Coral Gables. In order to carry on the type of beef promotion that we need it will take the cooperation of each and every person connected with the beef industry. The Florida Beef Council is the promotional arm of the Florida Cattlemen's Association and it is doing a very important job for our industry.

All manufacturers promote and advertise their products and each cattle producer in the state is a factory producing the product most people like to eat-Florida beef. Therefore, with the proper promotion by Florida Beef Council we can have a better utilization of the complete carcass, thus enabling us to get a better price and have a more stable market. This means more profit for all of us in the industry.

Our last year set a record in income and accomplishments for Florida Beef Council and with the combined dimes of the producers, livestock markets, packers, and everyone connected with th e industry, the Florida Beef Council will be able to continue its increasing progress in the promotion of Florida beef. This will get for the industry a greater dollar value for each dime contributed.

The members of Florida Beef Council are sitting on "go. Please make a concerted effort to help us do an even better job for you! Thomas L. Pearce Quitman, Ga. Otto Weaver of St. Petersburg, is the owner of these Charolais brood cows. Houses in background show nearness of subdivisions, which is prompting the Weavers to move their ranch to another location. Box , Tal- owners. Phone John H. See T Double L. Pons, manager. Ranch located on Ranch Lake Jackson. See El Maximo Ranch now consists of brood cows.

Lawrence see. Ranch located on Rye Bridge and manager. Farm located 15 miles east of Road. Herd was established in and now Tallahassee and two miles north on Route Charolais Charbray contains 18 brood cows. Southerly R. MARK, P. Box , Winter Garden. See Ayavalla Plantation 9 Phone Herd was established in Ranch is Parkwood St, Clearwater, Fla. Box , Clearwater.

Phone located near Lutz. Ranch located on East Lake Road. Ranch located contains brood cows. Bryant E. Pearce, owner. Box , Brooksville. Box , Frost- Neil D. Southerly and Roland L. Land, owners. Phone Bradenton See DS Ranch on Highway Box and now' consists of brood cows with Hal , Selma, Alabama. Phone TRinity Shuptrine, owner. Ranch located 25 miles as herd sires. Phone PRospect brood cows. Phone SP See Blue B. Wright, owners.

Herd was established in Bird Ranch Box , Zephyrhills. Box Bunnell. Press or Krusen, owner, H. Lenssen, owner. Herd was established in and now on Highway , five miles northwest of Brookscontains brood cows. Herd sires include ville. See K Bar Ranch proof. Phone YUkon Sidney L. Otto Weaver, owner. AICA appendix. Herd was established man x European hybrids. OL Land, Charbray Association. Bulls Ben 55, a fullblood Charolais bull.

At only four weeks, you can like this will help any commercial cattleman, see the size you can count on with Charolais. Our Charolais and Charbray cattle have shown a consistent improvement every year since we began breeding several years ago. They can upgrade your herd, too! Try a few for profit! Let us talk to you about them! We are selling him at the Charolais sale in Ocala, along with several other solid consignments. We Offering We also have for sale a group of bred Charbray heifers and a few Charbray cows with calves at side.

Florida will ship to other states this year over , feeder-stocker steers, heifers and calves, and during the same period import 50, feeder steers. Since 17, head were sold in our special sales, the lion's share of our feeder types are selling "direct" and scattered through regular weekly auctions.

This indicates many producers lack confidence in our sales. Perhaps our problem is not too many sales as much as it is too many sales of the type offering insufficient incentive to either consignor or buyer.

Rapid progress in our feeder sale program can only result from more active support of our producers, and better organization and planning. A strong statewide feeder association, if actively supported by local producer organizations, would be a big step. Although freedom on independent decision and action is generally desirable, our present setup whereby anyone who so chooses can rouse up a "feeder" sale BREED O anytime and anyplace with no qualifications or restrictions whatsoever-is not an ideal atmosphere in which to try The calves by our sons of Perthonian 3d are above to promote the type sales most beneficial to the producer of quality cattle or the all expectations.

We are very pleased that the feeder buyer. Anyone planning a special feeder- sons are doing such an outstanding breeding job. Reserve grand This is a granddaughter of Perthonian 3d. His sons do breed on. Prevatt of Starke. Reserve grand champion bull was shown by J. Top two entries in the steer show were RAN both Angus. The grand champion, Prince, R! Reserve grand champion, Black Boy, was shown take'Fern Rd.

Lutz, Florida Ph. Tampa,' by Hilda Harrell of Brooker. Over native grasses occur in Florida out of which 20 to 30 are of real imHampshire Swine portance. Blue maidencane is another desirable cane and a portion of the root system. Douglas Hampshire Farm out grssate. Primary spread of Phone Williston JAckson the state. Stockman often refer to it the grass is obtained from the vigorous RT. Duroc s pons. On a acre basis, nearly Sired by Champion Boars B0, have of alr maitel r cane the long name of Amphicarpum 10, pounds of air dried material were William W.

Rush muhlenbergianum. Florida cattle don't present. This partially accounts for the Fla. Contact BranguS Association long. The leaves have very rough mar- Unlike most grasses, blue maidencane Eastern States gins and towards the end of summer, refuses to produce seed in the customary Frank Smith, Sec.

Ranchers manner. The usually observed seed Room , Main Bldg. Within 30 days, These seeds will produce new plants; Contact blue maidencane has basal leaves two to however, most are destroyed by insects Intl Brngs Breeders Ass'n. On these sites half , will usually attain a height of 10 it is associated with pineland threeawn, to 14 inches by June 1.

Major spread or increase is obtained toothachegrass. All of these grasses when Watch for announcement from the extensively creeping rhizomes grazed extensively are replaced by less of our next sale in Florida. Where desirable plants, such as bottlebrush English and Brahman it is desired to increase the vigor and threeawn, annual grasses, weeds and the amount of blue maidencane, pastures "watergrasses.

Ranchers know that well under shade and often forms pure the growth above ground is the forage stands which are capable of producing Artificial Breeding Technician for their cattle. During the fall of , the author maidencane may be increased by the apPhone: Office Nights 42 The Florida Cattleman Selling at Auction onhidayr January h starting promptly at p.

Range Cattleman: This is the sale you've been looking Purebred Angus for. These bulls range from 4 two years old to five years old-but most of them are three years old or older. Many of them have already been used, and are being sold because the owner needed a different blood line or decided to use a different breed.

Put this sale down on your calendar and be sure to attend! Matlack Owners Scott L. This par. Box 67 Ph. Touchton, Jr. EX president; Brown Austin, treasurer; Bx River Rd1. Darwin White was retiring presi. Eileenmere , Baron of Lakewood , Ela- dent.

Circle R Ranch Curtis J. Hughes Mrs. George D. Cook, owner DkLeacy, Herdsman Ph. Box 22A Lake Geneva, Fla. Address: Route 2 Phone About Florida's Angus Showplace Fair View is Marion County's largest top quality Angus ranch. It is located Every bull we sell carries warranty, of satisfaction. There is no reason why better past five years, and outlook reports in- breeding and production practices canFloidadicate they 'will continue to increase for not be used to increase the size of these Floidaanother year or so.

The buildup in beef lightweight calves from to pounds Angus Association numbers, however, has been slower than on up to pounds and over. Then, in previous cycles. It is expected that these pound calves could stay right sponoredbeef cattle numbers will increase two to in Florida for feeding on pastures and sposoedthree percent in in the United feedlots. At the present, Florida is fat. This only provides about 20 perpercent during , which was the high- cent of the better quality beef consumed est percentage increase in the Southeast.

The bers will continue to increase in Florida other 80 percent has to be shipped in during This figure indicates Friday, Jan. During the past three decades Florida the tremendous opportunity whichex has been steadily increasing in number ists for increased feeder calf production and quality of its cattle. Therp has been and for increased feedlot fattening in about a fourfold increase in number, as Florida.

An excellent opportunity also well as in the value of its cattle. Florida can produce Phone million pounds in Every indication excellent pastures for the most of the SW th St. Miami 56, Florida beef cattle industry in Florida in the fu- od of feeding.

Reynolds, Gen. At the present, it has slightly over two is also hoped that many counties willre million acres of improved pastures. Florida and the South80 colorful pages of continuing to grow and develop in var- east are the areas in the United States information on ious areas of Florida. There is a big de- which should increase the most in bee - how to efficiently mand for high quality feeder cattle to production in the future, since many develop, manage go into fattening pastures and feedlots in millions of acres are available for imand promote the state.

This is the first step being taken in a survey to establish mailto:Ameica Angs Asocatin Iofficial inventories of beef cattle in Florida. In January ranchers from whom ma t. Those cattlerre the ew attl bok "Lfe t It Bet. The scientific stimulation of the rumen bacteria permits the animals to make better use of the - available grass and roughage.

Follow the The sale committee has made a concerted effort to present an offering that will include rugged Angus bulls ready for service in commercial operations and several Top Angus animals that we think you will find worthy of consideration as herd sire prospects. This will be the only bull sale to be sponsored by to one of the Florida Angus Association during the sale season. Incidentally, it is important to point out that all bulls in the sale will be halterbroken.

We made this saleFlrd ' rule because we know that buyers like to buy bulls thatFlrd s are docile and well-mannered. You'll find this kind at Bartow. You are cordially invited to attend the social activi- Bartow, Jan. A topnotch selection of rugged bulls ready for service in either purebred or commercial operations. The majority of these bulls are Florida-raised and all are Florida-acclimated.

White, Starke; Walter R. Lunch will be available at the sale. Certified Mr. Wood, Owners be about two percent over that of South of Arcadia on Hwy 3i three percent larger than it was in the spring of There is Lakeview Farm P. Box 8, Phone HU also a great deal of room for expansion of Mr. Walte R. Wam Po. There is no reason edge of town. Herd No. It is recommended Robert C. Roebling, Owner Bardoliermere 64th.

Spires, Owner ing and working cattle on ranches durKeith Miller, Manager ing the last decade. XThe rapidly increasing human population G. Solo, Owner in Florida will also result in an increasing demand for horses for pleasure ridW. Starting time will be p. Union Stockyards All sale entries will be graded by the Association's grading committee at p. Stitt Ranch, Inc.

Yates, Lakeland; and Eileenmere, Bandolier and Bardolier bloodlines. Georgia's top producing herds. Cattle in top production. The get and service of some of the top herd bulls in the South. Bulls are rugged and ready for Meat Imports Up herd duty now! For the first nine months of last Year, red meat imports amounted to Auctioneer: W. Scott Wilson. For catalogs, write Carl 0.

About million pounds of the total was beef and veal. Villages were consisting of several small parcels scattucked away in other groves of trees, the tered about the area, probably one acre bamboo houses blending into this nat- being the largest field anyone would For further information, contact ural setting so that it was hard to tell have, with most fields much smaller. This land diBreeders' Ass'n from the highway with a connecting nar- vision may be the main reason for the Mrs.

Smith, Secretary row stone and brick all-weather road, village organization which exists through Lake Elbert Drive was a compact group of houses, patios, out Burma and east Asia. The typical basha 80 families owned a total of cattle. There and bullocks oxen , averaging six was a shallow well with concrete top and to seven years of age.

Rugged Commercial Bulls goda, the most pretentious building in While it was not typical of their cattle, the village. Box , Phone YUkon bunds banks enclosing small pots of a locks. In the dry season the clay with a production of less than three was as hard as brick, cracking open as it pounds per cow. The remainder of the dried into wide cracks several feet deep. An elected headman is assisted by a herder and penned at night. Georgia, Alabama Florida six men in governing the village.

Each There were no pastures other than the Carolina address i e ngvrin h ilg. R 4, Stone Mountain, Georgia committees: information, protection, san- after crops were harvested. As a result, itation, intelligence, census, and econom- grazing forage was always in short supply. Florida bred and raised bulls. Open and bred heifers by Interna- Intelligence or security having the so supplemental feeding of chaffed rice tonal Congress Champion, W L Bank Standard 8th.

The headman was straw was provided during the dry season Jacklen Farms about 35 years of age but all the commit- from November to June. Most bullocks u ares on Cl ro s tee chairmen were much older. No mineral was fed and no companied us and acted as interpreters, research had been done on the mineral Young Bulls and Females For Sale We were served Shan tea and cookies on content of soils or forage nor on mineral s arrival at p.

There were 20 pigs in the village and George H. Miller, Owner As visitors, we were quickly surround- about chickens, but no sheep, goats, Home-Ph. The headman and uation of 60 cents each was made. The committee chairmen readily answered all game type chickens run at large and the A questions about the government of the few eggs produced are very small.

Today, however, this is probH. Gram seeds town or where government projects are. Ranch on Poinsettia Park Road, five miles N. Godbedn i elce n hsgopo Santa They have been bred and raised to care for themselves. Give our program and our cattle a chance to impress you by your welcomed visit and tour of the ranch. Box P. Box 65 vaccinated. The test, sponsored by the Florida Santa Gertrudis Association, is the second one in two years.

Last year's test also showed gains of over three pounds at the end of the second 28 day weighing period. Average weight per day of age for the After seeing his first calf crop we entire group this year is 2. The top 50 know he is extra good. See him-See his calves Four calves in last year's test hit over pounds gain in the total period, See our cows becoming part of 35 animals which have reached this mark on official trials.

You're always welcome at Picnic All of the bulls, being supervised by Russell Farmer, owner of the market, come from Florida breeders. Those with bulls on test, with number in parentheses if more than one are: Bruce B. Causey Is Named We now have available a few classified two and three year old good Santa Gertrudis bulls.

Gertrudis since This leaves the rancher with less land He points out that during these periods and therefore, he must raise fewer cattle, breeding, he uses his Santa Gertrudis he has seen many notable changes take however this reduction in numbers must bulls only on second-calf heifers.

This is place in the cattle business which are be replaced by a much greater increase because the calves are often too big for a directly related to the overall changes in quality and size, first-calf heifer to have without diffiwhich have taken place throughout Flor- Blount has found that he can do more culty. To many, this Blount's ranch is located close to metoperation, would be reason enough for using Santa ropolitan areas and he has started to sub"The days when a rancher could make Gertrudis; however, Blount points out divide some of his ranch land.

It is not money on pound calves are gone," that there are other related factors which the type of sub-division where the houses says Blount when discussing the present are of importance, are practically on top of each other. Each day conditions in the cattle business. Uniformity of color is a Santa Ger- lot is at least several acres and this "This is directly related to the spiral- trudis attribute that Blount likes.

Also, lets the new owners have a horse or ling land prices in Florida. The initial calves sired by Santa Gertrudis have any type animal that is not obnoxious. He feels that are well above the average in cost and those who already have land makes large his calves do better if they are creep fed.

Blount considers important. In trying Blount speaks with first-hand knowl"It seems that the simple truth of the other breeds, he found that some were edge about raising better cattle on less matter is that Florida cattlemen, in the hard to handle.

The Santa Gertrudis land. Other ranchers have faced the future, are going to have to do more on have a good temperament and are easy same problem and still others will come less land than in the past. In the interest of his own eco- using a five-month breeding program duigbtecalbtBontflsht nomics, the rancher must give way to this which he plans to cut to four months.

In the Santa Gertrudis have the best foundation and that in the future they will prove an ever increasing boon to the commercial cattlemen of Florida. Right now our Santa Gertrudis brood cows are producing calves that have weaning weights that will average pounds," he said. To our way of sinking, this means that we will have cattle that will give us maximum production on the least amount of acreage. Santa Gertrudis have done a fine job and I expect even better things in the future.

The changes will appear in reprogram being conducted by Blount on his south Florida ranch, ports beginning in March. All officers were reelected, with the exception of W. Leavine, who was succeeded as a director by Ed Watson of Arcadia. Continuing as vice president is J. McPherson of Orlando, while H. Hopson of Leesburg remains as secretarytreasurer. Other than Watson, directors include C.

Graves of Ridge Manor, D. Thatcher of Miami, and H. Massey of Dade City. The group decided to start making plans for sponsoring a sale to be held during the first part of January The event would include 20 bulls two to three years of age and 25 heifers two years old. Guest speaker for the session was Dr.

Experiment Station at Tifton, Georgia. The major things concerning us in our breeding proPhone: T. Box grams are: cows that reproduce regularly; Midway Res. We thial weaned weight is probably the most im portant trait to emphasize in a selection' Use of a regular advertising program in The Cattleman is a proven way of program. For "Post-weaning growth rate of Sanl further information and rates write: Gertrudis cattle as compared to Angs and Polled Herefords is good.

Efficiency of gain was intermediate between Angus and Polled Hereford cattle. When adjustments are made for condition score, the postweaning performance of Santa Gertrudis cattle drops relatively speaking in respect to that of Angus or Polled Hereford cattle.

Whether or not this trend stops with Choice, Good or Even Standard carcasses being in greatest demand we don't know. Grissim recommends feeding All are classified "S" a high protein supplement of vegetable origin such as cottonseed meal. Cattle on feed will need one and one-half to Our herd is based on selection and performance records. THE U. Arcadia, Fla. WA for January, 59 Luxurious Life! Arthur Pancoast, Panuleta owner.

Joe Silverthorn, owner of Pan-African Airlines, bought Capicola slightly over a year ago to give as a present to the Sardauna of Nigeria, who is the country's political leader and also a brother to the religious leader of Nigeria. The Santa Gertrudis sire has already made his niche in Nigerian life.

He now resides in his personal housing facility which is located in his domain of one square mile of pasture land. This area was cleared especially for Capicoka and is located on desirable riverfront property. A well was also drilled to serve the bull's drinking needs. He is being bred to a select group of Big John Torado cows and Silverthorn says the Sardauna takes great pride in displaying This is our two year old junior herd sire-son of the well known SANTA Capicola to his guests.

He will back our senior sire, Coco RDK 1. The "big one" from the standpoint of number of entries will probably be the Florida State Fair. Ken Durrance of the University of Florida will begin placing entries in the event at p. Velbertan Lake Ranch of Odessa swept the honors at Tampa last year by showing all four champions. Santa Gertrudis Make Beef They make beef and more of it.

With today's demand leaning toward red meat, Santa Gertrudis are more than ever the breed of the future. So why not try some certified Santa. Gertrudis bulls from Gulf Coast? Gulf Coast Farms, Inc. They will develop into big, rugged sires of profit-making calves. May other types and sizes This was before the organization of a Many breed association and before most folks available. Y the first honest-to-goodness Santa Gertrudis bulls tried in Florida proved very successful in obtaining heavy, good-doing calves.

However, these pure Santa Gertrudis were difficult to locate at that time, two Managing the Farm Business decades ago, and prices soared. Beneke, Iowa State College. Here is a boo0k veloped on the King Ranch in South that shows you how to get the most out of your investment Texas, transportation was provided for of time and money on the farm. It deals with the basic every animal that could be found with a principles of management, describing in detail the sound red hair coat.

These red cattle were approaches to the long-range and daily decisions that have to loaded and aimed for the markets everybe made in farming operations. It offers no cut-and-dried where there was a demand, and a good answers or potentially misleading formulas, and the examples number of red bulls were dumped in the it offers are drawn from the experience of practical farmers, state of Florida.

Write to At the same time however, many ranchers were more careful about their The Cattlem an Press purchase, they went directly to the King Ranch or to other breeders of Santa Gertrudis located in the South Texas area Box , Kissimmee, Florida to obtain their bulls. These first purebred Santa Gertrudis bulls really proved their worth when crossed on native cows or females of British breeding. Heavier weaning weights, a new and better resistance to heat and insects as well as better beef animals resulted by crossing these good Santa Gertrudis bulls on Florida cows.

Because of these good pureblood bulls and the results they obtained Florida now ranks second only to Texas in total numbers of Santa Gertrudis. Many of those cattlemen who made purchases of scrub red cattle after being C. Now, even with an international association that is nearly 12 years old, which is based on a classification system of individual inspection and recorded proof of bloodlines, there is still a public Good heifers like these are the results of our breeding program.

The main chore is to explain to the cattle raising public that present day e a the future looks bright! Santa Gertrudis branded with the S certified purebred or S-bar accredited We've built up a herd of Santa Gertrudis good bull of Fairview Ranch breeding and have both the records and the conforma- cows that are producing a 95 percent calf a Dick Vesper proven sire formerly owned tion of good Santa Gertrudis individuals, crop.

We're certainly proud of this ac- by Hal Hopson , who head up our bull Just last year four bulls gained more complishment, but we're equally proud of battery. We're expecting the best kind of Santa than pounds each for the first time in Our herd sires are improving, also.

We Gertrudis calves to be produced when our Florida in an official day feeding lust recently purchased El Capitan Jr. All three of these bulls were Santa well-known Panuleta sire. He joins a sires. And while doing all of this they will K D produce maximum quantities of quality beef under a variety of range and climatic NE 12th Avenue Telephone WEbster conditions.

All of these traits are necessary for a money-making type of beef Pompano Beach, Florida production in Florida where conditions may often be described as "hard. We can show you several posts which are 12 years and well-regulated classification system enforced by Santa Gertrudis Breeders old and still good at our plant. Posts range from 2 to 7 inches in diameter, International.

Prices on Request. Quantity Discounts. Of Breed Gains In Florida. These men travel wherever there are breeders who request that their animals be classified. Upon physical inspection of each animal individually, the clasifier must either brand it "S," "S-bar," or reject it. He decides the fate of the individual on the basis of conformation, color and breeding information, and then if it is not a reject, he fire brands it with either of the "passing" brands.

All offspring from the calves. In this picture, taken at the Lazy R Bar Ranch at Kissimmee, of Santa mating of two such animals will be satis- Gertrudis-Hereford crosses, there is also evidence of dark eye pigment from the sires, factory as far as the breeding requirement which usually lessens eye difficulties.

And since they pay on they have seen here: is influencing more people to breed Santa the basis of the ones we inspect, they us"So far in ," Brown said, "there Gertrudis. This compares with provement in Florida's Santa Gertrudis in and begin checking.

The carcasses shown at left are from first and second cross Santa Gertrudis steers. They were fed for days, gained 2.

BETTING NFL FOOTBALL

Epco is a commercial cattle operation started about by "Bud" Epperson's bred cattle. In fact, he prefers to keep and hardiness with close attention being dad from cattle bought from Lykes Broth- the cattle something less than purebreds given to the conformation of the rear end ers.

Since that year various breeds have since he is convinced that he gains a great of the bulls. This point is rated especially been tried in the breeding program. Heifers from the Charolais this is an area where it is felt that much done for our herd is improve the calf crop herd are continually added to the native additional weight can be added.

Bulls percentage. This is accom- relatively young and fed and cared for on Eleven Charolais cows and bulls were plished by rotating the bulls about every the place where they are to be used. His added to the native herd in Various four months during the warmer time of experiences with bulls of an older age have traits of the cattle were liked--especially the year and about every days dur- not been good. He finds that bulls bought their size, color, and hardiness.

Since ing the colder months. Most of the calves at about 18 months of age are the ones then the cattle operation has evolved to are born between December 15 and March that have done the best job for him. Chara two herd operation featuring one herd 15 under this system. When a bull is olais bulls don't seem to hold up too much with nothing but Charbray cows and pure- taken away from the herd he is given a better than other breeds at Epco, but it bred Charolais bulls and one herd of rest period during which time he is fed is felt that this can be contributed to the mixed native cattle with purebred Char- a high roughage ration free choice.

Ep- fact that they are so much more active in olais bulls, person attempts to keep the bulls in good their breeding habits. The long range plans are to have the flesh but not fat. He finds that the rest A substantial part of the cattle operanative herd progress to a complete Char- period is vital to the Charolais bulls be- tion is the feeding program.

The perbray herd by the constant use of the pure- cause they are vigorous breeders and tend formance of the Charolais-cross cattle has bred bulls. Epperson does not intend to to overwork themselves, been impressive in this area also.

Epperchange the purpose of the herd from com- The 14 bulls that are now in use at son finds that they gain faster than the mercial beef production to raising pure- Epco were selected on individual merit other cattle on his place and that their general response to feed is definitely one of the factors that has sold him on the breed. About head are marketed each year as products of the feeding program. All heifers and steers are put on the program at about pounds and are fed on a low concentrate ration for 60 days at which time the animals are looked over to select the heifers that will be kept for the herd replacements and additions.

Those heifers that are left plus the steers are then fed a higher concentrate ration for another 60 days or until they reach approximately pounds when they are sold. Most of the steers grade a high standard when sold. Epperson is confident that the Charolais steers sold from his ranch will show up well under the dual grading system. He is also pleased with the response of heifers to the feed.

Epperson also supplements The cow herd is fed during the winter this herd with the addition of Charbray heifers. Southeastern FEB. Key TW Ranch C. Ranch Meadowland Ranch H. Sugar Corp. Mineral is fed free choice. The fortified hay is distributed to the cattle in windrows laid out on the pasture.

The feeding is disconin tinued after April 15 each year. This will mean 16 miles west of Arcadia on hwy. Epperson is a member of the Florida p reet nuaew Cattlemen's Association, Farm Bureau and active in the soil conservation efforts Saturday February 23, of his area. Sale starts promptly at p. Ranch telephone: MO The pine growth and cut have Houston 27, Texas been equal. When Fred W. Turner and Harl R.

Thomas partners at one time , began importing fullblood Charolais bulls into this country in the early 's, Mexico was the only place on the North Ameri- Calved January 25, can continent from which they could be obtained.

Pugibet herd. They had been imported 16 mos. They also pur- You are welcome to visit the ranch and see his chased two bulls from Charles Dick of sire, dam and their progeny. These bulls, Ulema and Voltiguer, sister is now one of our top brood cowshad been previously purchased from the anther is one of our finest replacement heifers, Pugibet herd.

Two years later, in , three more and we are looking forward to the next big fullblood Charolais bulls, Wee, White and calf by his sire and dam. Wild, were added to the herd battery of 4T. These three bulls, like the others, were also a part of the Pugibet herd, being acquired from Charolais, S. In , Walhalla and Waton, two more E. Lawrence K. Jennings, Owner Mr. Vernon Wallers, Mgr. Puebla, Mexico, one of the members of Charolais S.

It was about this time, too, that 4T Ranches, in cooperation with Gilley, acquired the breeding services of the bull, Tizoc, in exchange for the services of 4T's bull, Ugolin. Come by, look olais cattle in this country were plentiful them over, anytime. In fact, he worked to set such a show at the Box , Rt.

Hill Farm. All heifers are being -they came from Florida. Doug- kept to build the herd and the bulls are las, manager of K Bar Ranch at Zephyr- being sold to local cattlemen. The eight Charbray heifers and one las from Goellnicht. This bull is to be used in the blood does not make a Company.

The aim of the project is herd of a big breeder in Tobago. He will to improve the food situation in Trinidad be used on a herd of Zebu's and Jamaica good animal for tropical and the arrival of the Charolais cattle rep- Reds.

He is a fine specimen and should or semi-tropical coun- resented the opening of the beef project. It has also vigorous health that makes them resistant been used by the faculty of Agriculture to pests and diseases. Augustine, Trinidad, for exthe project from Pointe-a-Pierre to an- perimental work. Some of the visitors other portion of the company's 10, have come from as far away as India, Euacres at Piparo and Tabaquite, Trinidad.

It has been thought that good beef cattle Douglas was met by Trinidad govern could not be raised profitably on the is- ment officials while in Trinidad and given AYAVALLA land, but the oil company thinks differ- a tour of the island. In addition to a fast growing popula- Dr. Box steady food situation. Sugar and bananas DR. A great many Charolais-blooded cattle over the years have been sold throughout this country due to the outstanding performance of Charbray cattle.

The Charbray is a functional animal, and no "chinchilla breed. It is a well known fact that Charbray See us at the sale. We are selling 10 mature cows, cattle in general have much greater wean- all heavy springers or will have calves at side. Come see us! Visitors are in such demand, and in particular welcome at all times. Charbray cattle have been reported on more than one occasion to eat anything from Spanish moss to grass covered with icicles, their "ice cream" as one breeder C put it, and they have quite a reputation Box Phone: TRinity for their innate resistance to insects and all of the various pests which beset cattlemen today.

This has cost the eyesight of a 1 Purebred brood cow carrying service of Master Kado. We have always said our 'Charbray were more ira- 1 Purebred bull coming 2 year old sired by Master Kado with mune to disease and insects than any cat-I above purebred cow as dam.

When the face fly plague hit us, we thought this was one Reasons To Attend The Place the Charbray would surely have toSA be helped along with the other cattle. We Consignments by. Lenssen to find an area of greater calm. This is a feed specifically formulated for hand The remainder of the story to date has feeding bred sows and gilts.

The Volusia-Flagler II their share may be fed on pasture, concrete County line goes through the acreage loor any clean area. No insurance can save you and LeBEL Eep yours from death when lightning The pastures have all been cleared and strikes! Coastal Bermuda hay is stored tem installed in your home or for winter use. The work done on these other property. Today, write or pastures and in the reclamation of some phone for information: of the land led to Lenssen's selection in g as the outstanding conservation farmer of Flagler County.

Lenssen's herd has thus far produced two calf crops. The new breeder's interest in Charolais cattle is further shown by the A dc rossbreeding program that is being carATried out by using Charolais bulls in a separate commercial herd. Lessen's interest in cattle is traced back to the years that he worked with them while growing up in Connecticut.

Leaner Carcasses Increased Weaning Weights Of some interest to purebred and commercial cattlemen alike, the book begins with a brief history of the cattle, starting with their origin in France, and goes through importations into Mexico, and finally to the development of today's Charolais in the United States. Statistical facts are offered showing the growth in numbers and breeders in this country, as well as a comparison of More pounds per day of age.

Higher dressing percentages. Charolais weight gains as compared with those of other breeds. More cash in your pocket. Ask the man who tried it! Characteristics of the white breed are given, telling what the standards of excellence are, as well as how Charolais compare with other beef breeds found in the United States. India Conducts Houston A. Vaughan, Kyle, elbow. Open Pollinated Corn Chufas of a Charolais bull are as follows: "Her head is medium in length, femCowpeas a Clover Crotalaria "General appearance should reveal an nine in character, and finely cut.

Her Hairy Indigo Millets attractive individual, with vigor and ias- horns are round and white, and well set culinity, and a harmonious blending of without coarseness at the base. She holds Milo Hegari Peanuts essential qualities, her ears alertly.

She should have a Potatoes Sesbania "The head should be relatively small straight nose with broad muzzle and Sorghums Soybeans Sunflower and short. The face should be broad, large, open nostrils. She has full, bright Velvet Beans Watermelon flat or slightly concave Her jaw is strong, and her ing. The muzzle should be large, and throat clearly defined.

Grasses the jaws stout. The back is strong "A broad and thick back is desirable, and straight and level. She has a long with lots of length and depth of loin. Her thurls are set wide apart, and Make sure you get only the reliable, fine hair.

The hindlegs should be bold, with large "The forelegs should set square and tendons that are well defined. Medium wide apart with lots of strength and fairly length pasterns that are strong and heavy bone. The hindlegs should be springy are desirable, and hocks should wide apart, also with fairly heavy bone. The forelegs are set hock to pastern. All feet should be large and "A deep and well hooped rib is best, well rounded. Fine hair denotes quality. Ribs should be strong, viding ample digestive ability, strength well supported and wide apart.

The and vigor. The heart girth should be heartgirth is strong and deep, and the rM strong and deep, resulting from well chest floor is wide between the forelegs. Finlayson, Greenville, vice president; Louis Gilbreath, St.

Other Executive committee members not shown include: J. Bryan Dye, Fort Lauderdale; J. Abney Cox, Coral Gables. In order to carry on the type of beef promotion that we need it will take the cooperation of each and every person connected with the beef industry. The Florida Beef Council is the promotional arm of the Florida Cattlemen's Association and it is doing a very important job for our industry.

All manufacturers promote and advertise their products and each cattle producer in the state is a factory producing the product most people like to eat-Florida beef. Therefore, with the proper promotion by Florida Beef Council we can have a better utilization of the complete carcass, thus enabling us to get a better price and have a more stable market. This means more profit for all of us in the industry. Our last year set a record in income and accomplishments for Florida Beef Council and with the combined dimes of the producers, livestock markets, packers, and everyone connected with th e industry, the Florida Beef Council will be able to continue its increasing progress in the promotion of Florida beef.

This will get for the industry a greater dollar value for each dime contributed. The members of Florida Beef Council are sitting on "go. Please make a concerted effort to help us do an even better job for you! Thomas L. Pearce Quitman, Ga.

Otto Weaver of St. Petersburg, is the owner of these Charolais brood cows. Houses in background show nearness of subdivisions, which is prompting the Weavers to move their ranch to another location. Box , Tal- owners. Phone John H. See T Double L.

Pons, manager. Ranch located on Ranch Lake Jackson. See El Maximo Ranch now consists of brood cows. Lawrence see. Ranch located on Rye Bridge and manager. Farm located 15 miles east of Road. Herd was established in and now Tallahassee and two miles north on Route Charolais Charbray contains 18 brood cows. Southerly R. MARK, P. Box , Winter Garden.

See Ayavalla Plantation 9 Phone Herd was established in Ranch is Parkwood St, Clearwater, Fla. Box , Clearwater. Phone located near Lutz. Ranch located on East Lake Road. Ranch located contains brood cows. Bryant E. Pearce, owner.

Box , Brooksville. Box , Frost- Neil D. Southerly and Roland L. Land, owners. Phone Bradenton See DS Ranch on Highway Box and now' consists of brood cows with Hal , Selma, Alabama. Phone TRinity Shuptrine, owner. Ranch located 25 miles as herd sires. Phone PRospect brood cows. Phone SP See Blue B. Wright, owners. Herd was established in Bird Ranch Box , Zephyrhills. Box Bunnell. Press or Krusen, owner, H. Lenssen, owner. Herd was established in and now on Highway , five miles northwest of Brookscontains brood cows.

Herd sires include ville. See K Bar Ranch proof. Phone YUkon Sidney L. Otto Weaver, owner. AICA appendix. Herd was established man x European hybrids. OL Land, Charbray Association. Bulls Ben 55, a fullblood Charolais bull. At only four weeks, you can like this will help any commercial cattleman, see the size you can count on with Charolais.

Our Charolais and Charbray cattle have shown a consistent improvement every year since we began breeding several years ago. They can upgrade your herd, too! Try a few for profit! Let us talk to you about them! We are selling him at the Charolais sale in Ocala, along with several other solid consignments.

We Offering We also have for sale a group of bred Charbray heifers and a few Charbray cows with calves at side. Florida will ship to other states this year over , feeder-stocker steers, heifers and calves, and during the same period import 50, feeder steers. Since 17, head were sold in our special sales, the lion's share of our feeder types are selling "direct" and scattered through regular weekly auctions.

This indicates many producers lack confidence in our sales. Perhaps our problem is not too many sales as much as it is too many sales of the type offering insufficient incentive to either consignor or buyer. Rapid progress in our feeder sale program can only result from more active support of our producers, and better organization and planning.

A strong statewide feeder association, if actively supported by local producer organizations, would be a big step. Although freedom on independent decision and action is generally desirable, our present setup whereby anyone who so chooses can rouse up a "feeder" sale BREED O anytime and anyplace with no qualifications or restrictions whatsoever-is not an ideal atmosphere in which to try The calves by our sons of Perthonian 3d are above to promote the type sales most beneficial to the producer of quality cattle or the all expectations.

We are very pleased that the feeder buyer. Anyone planning a special feeder- sons are doing such an outstanding breeding job. Reserve grand This is a granddaughter of Perthonian 3d. His sons do breed on. Prevatt of Starke. Reserve grand champion bull was shown by J. Top two entries in the steer show were RAN both Angus. The grand champion, Prince, R! Reserve grand champion, Black Boy, was shown take'Fern Rd. Lutz, Florida Ph. Tampa,' by Hilda Harrell of Brooker.

Over native grasses occur in Florida out of which 20 to 30 are of real imHampshire Swine portance. Blue maidencane is another desirable cane and a portion of the root system. Douglas Hampshire Farm out grssate. Primary spread of Phone Williston JAckson the state.

Stockman often refer to it the grass is obtained from the vigorous RT. Duroc s pons. On a acre basis, nearly Sired by Champion Boars B0, have of alr maitel r cane the long name of Amphicarpum 10, pounds of air dried material were William W. Rush muhlenbergianum. Florida cattle don't present. This partially accounts for the Fla. Contact BranguS Association long.

The leaves have very rough mar- Unlike most grasses, blue maidencane Eastern States gins and towards the end of summer, refuses to produce seed in the customary Frank Smith, Sec. Ranchers manner. The usually observed seed Room , Main Bldg. Within 30 days, These seeds will produce new plants; Contact blue maidencane has basal leaves two to however, most are destroyed by insects Intl Brngs Breeders Ass'n.

On these sites half , will usually attain a height of 10 it is associated with pineland threeawn, to 14 inches by June 1. Major spread or increase is obtained toothachegrass. All of these grasses when Watch for announcement from the extensively creeping rhizomes grazed extensively are replaced by less of our next sale in Florida. Where desirable plants, such as bottlebrush English and Brahman it is desired to increase the vigor and threeawn, annual grasses, weeds and the amount of blue maidencane, pastures "watergrasses.

Ranchers know that well under shade and often forms pure the growth above ground is the forage stands which are capable of producing Artificial Breeding Technician for their cattle. During the fall of , the author maidencane may be increased by the apPhone: Office Nights 42 The Florida Cattleman Selling at Auction onhidayr January h starting promptly at p.

Range Cattleman: This is the sale you've been looking Purebred Angus for. These bulls range from 4 two years old to five years old-but most of them are three years old or older. Many of them have already been used, and are being sold because the owner needed a different blood line or decided to use a different breed. Put this sale down on your calendar and be sure to attend! Matlack Owners Scott L. This par. Box 67 Ph. Touchton, Jr. EX president; Brown Austin, treasurer; Bx River Rd1.

Darwin White was retiring presi. Eileenmere , Baron of Lakewood , Ela- dent. Circle R Ranch Curtis J. Hughes Mrs. George D. Cook, owner DkLeacy, Herdsman Ph. Box 22A Lake Geneva, Fla. Address: Route 2 Phone About Florida's Angus Showplace Fair View is Marion County's largest top quality Angus ranch. It is located Every bull we sell carries warranty, of satisfaction. There is no reason why better past five years, and outlook reports in- breeding and production practices canFloidadicate they 'will continue to increase for not be used to increase the size of these Floidaanother year or so.

The buildup in beef lightweight calves from to pounds Angus Association numbers, however, has been slower than on up to pounds and over. Then, in previous cycles. It is expected that these pound calves could stay right sponoredbeef cattle numbers will increase two to in Florida for feeding on pastures and sposoedthree percent in in the United feedlots.

At the present, Florida is fat. This only provides about 20 perpercent during , which was the high- cent of the better quality beef consumed est percentage increase in the Southeast. The bers will continue to increase in Florida other 80 percent has to be shipped in during This figure indicates Friday, Jan. During the past three decades Florida the tremendous opportunity whichex has been steadily increasing in number ists for increased feeder calf production and quality of its cattle.

Therp has been and for increased feedlot fattening in about a fourfold increase in number, as Florida. An excellent opportunity also well as in the value of its cattle. Florida can produce Phone million pounds in Every indication excellent pastures for the most of the SW th St. Miami 56, Florida beef cattle industry in Florida in the fu- od of feeding. Reynolds, Gen.

At the present, it has slightly over two is also hoped that many counties willre million acres of improved pastures. Florida and the South80 colorful pages of continuing to grow and develop in var- east are the areas in the United States information on ious areas of Florida. There is a big de- which should increase the most in bee - how to efficiently mand for high quality feeder cattle to production in the future, since many develop, manage go into fattening pastures and feedlots in millions of acres are available for imand promote the state.

This is the first step being taken in a survey to establish mailto:Ameica Angs Asocatin Iofficial inventories of beef cattle in Florida. In January ranchers from whom ma t. Those cattlerre the ew attl bok "Lfe t It Bet. The scientific stimulation of the rumen bacteria permits the animals to make better use of the - available grass and roughage.

Follow the The sale committee has made a concerted effort to present an offering that will include rugged Angus bulls ready for service in commercial operations and several Top Angus animals that we think you will find worthy of consideration as herd sire prospects. This will be the only bull sale to be sponsored by to one of the Florida Angus Association during the sale season.

Incidentally, it is important to point out that all bulls in the sale will be halterbroken. We made this saleFlrd ' rule because we know that buyers like to buy bulls thatFlrd s are docile and well-mannered. You'll find this kind at Bartow. You are cordially invited to attend the social activi- Bartow, Jan. A topnotch selection of rugged bulls ready for service in either purebred or commercial operations. The majority of these bulls are Florida-raised and all are Florida-acclimated.

White, Starke; Walter R. Lunch will be available at the sale. Certified Mr. Wood, Owners be about two percent over that of South of Arcadia on Hwy 3i three percent larger than it was in the spring of There is Lakeview Farm P. Box 8, Phone HU also a great deal of room for expansion of Mr. Walte R. Wam Po. There is no reason edge of town. Herd No. It is recommended Robert C. Roebling, Owner Bardoliermere 64th. Spires, Owner ing and working cattle on ranches durKeith Miller, Manager ing the last decade.

XThe rapidly increasing human population G. Solo, Owner in Florida will also result in an increasing demand for horses for pleasure ridW. Starting time will be p. Union Stockyards All sale entries will be graded by the Association's grading committee at p. Stitt Ranch, Inc. Yates, Lakeland; and Eileenmere, Bandolier and Bardolier bloodlines. Georgia's top producing herds. Cattle in top production. The get and service of some of the top herd bulls in the South. Bulls are rugged and ready for Meat Imports Up herd duty now!

For the first nine months of last Year, red meat imports amounted to Auctioneer: W. Scott Wilson. For catalogs, write Carl 0. About million pounds of the total was beef and veal. Villages were consisting of several small parcels scattucked away in other groves of trees, the tered about the area, probably one acre bamboo houses blending into this nat- being the largest field anyone would For further information, contact ural setting so that it was hard to tell have, with most fields much smaller.

This land diBreeders' Ass'n from the highway with a connecting nar- vision may be the main reason for the Mrs. Smith, Secretary row stone and brick all-weather road, village organization which exists through Lake Elbert Drive was a compact group of houses, patios, out Burma and east Asia. The typical basha 80 families owned a total of cattle. There and bullocks oxen , averaging six was a shallow well with concrete top and to seven years of age.

Rugged Commercial Bulls goda, the most pretentious building in While it was not typical of their cattle, the village. Box , Phone YUkon bunds banks enclosing small pots of a locks. In the dry season the clay with a production of less than three was as hard as brick, cracking open as it pounds per cow. The remainder of the dried into wide cracks several feet deep. An elected headman is assisted by a herder and penned at night. Georgia, Alabama Florida six men in governing the village.

Each There were no pastures other than the Carolina address i e ngvrin h ilg. R 4, Stone Mountain, Georgia committees: information, protection, san- after crops were harvested. As a result, itation, intelligence, census, and econom- grazing forage was always in short supply. Florida bred and raised bulls. Open and bred heifers by Interna- Intelligence or security having the so supplemental feeding of chaffed rice tonal Congress Champion, W L Bank Standard 8th.

The headman was straw was provided during the dry season Jacklen Farms about 35 years of age but all the commit- from November to June. Most bullocks u ares on Cl ro s tee chairmen were much older. No mineral was fed and no companied us and acted as interpreters, research had been done on the mineral Young Bulls and Females For Sale We were served Shan tea and cookies on content of soils or forage nor on mineral s arrival at p.

There were 20 pigs in the village and George H. Miller, Owner As visitors, we were quickly surround- about chickens, but no sheep, goats, Home-Ph. The headman and uation of 60 cents each was made. The committee chairmen readily answered all game type chickens run at large and the A questions about the government of the few eggs produced are very small.

Today, however, this is probH. Gram seeds town or where government projects are. Ranch on Poinsettia Park Road, five miles N. Godbedn i elce n hsgopo Santa They have been bred and raised to care for themselves. Give our program and our cattle a chance to impress you by your welcomed visit and tour of the ranch.

Box P. Box 65 vaccinated. The test, sponsored by the Florida Santa Gertrudis Association, is the second one in two years. Last year's test also showed gains of over three pounds at the end of the second 28 day weighing period. Average weight per day of age for the After seeing his first calf crop we entire group this year is 2.

The top 50 know he is extra good. See him-See his calves Four calves in last year's test hit over pounds gain in the total period, See our cows becoming part of 35 animals which have reached this mark on official trials. You're always welcome at Picnic All of the bulls, being supervised by Russell Farmer, owner of the market, come from Florida breeders. Those with bulls on test, with number in parentheses if more than one are: Bruce B.

Causey Is Named We now have available a few classified two and three year old good Santa Gertrudis bulls. Gertrudis since This leaves the rancher with less land He points out that during these periods and therefore, he must raise fewer cattle, breeding, he uses his Santa Gertrudis he has seen many notable changes take however this reduction in numbers must bulls only on second-calf heifers. This is place in the cattle business which are be replaced by a much greater increase because the calves are often too big for a directly related to the overall changes in quality and size, first-calf heifer to have without diffiwhich have taken place throughout Flor- Blount has found that he can do more culty.

To many, this Blount's ranch is located close to metoperation, would be reason enough for using Santa ropolitan areas and he has started to sub"The days when a rancher could make Gertrudis; however, Blount points out divide some of his ranch land. It is not money on pound calves are gone," that there are other related factors which the type of sub-division where the houses says Blount when discussing the present are of importance, are practically on top of each other.

Each day conditions in the cattle business. Uniformity of color is a Santa Ger- lot is at least several acres and this "This is directly related to the spiral- trudis attribute that Blount likes. Also, lets the new owners have a horse or ling land prices in Florida. The initial calves sired by Santa Gertrudis have any type animal that is not obnoxious.

He feels that are well above the average in cost and those who already have land makes large his calves do better if they are creep fed. Blount considers important. In trying Blount speaks with first-hand knowl"It seems that the simple truth of the other breeds, he found that some were edge about raising better cattle on less matter is that Florida cattlemen, in the hard to handle.

The Santa Gertrudis land. Other ranchers have faced the future, are going to have to do more on have a good temperament and are easy same problem and still others will come less land than in the past. In the interest of his own eco- using a five-month breeding program duigbtecalbtBontflsht nomics, the rancher must give way to this which he plans to cut to four months.

In the Santa Gertrudis have the best foundation and that in the future they will prove an ever increasing boon to the commercial cattlemen of Florida. Right now our Santa Gertrudis brood cows are producing calves that have weaning weights that will average pounds," he said. To our way of sinking, this means that we will have cattle that will give us maximum production on the least amount of acreage.

Santa Gertrudis have done a fine job and I expect even better things in the future. The changes will appear in reprogram being conducted by Blount on his south Florida ranch, ports beginning in March. All officers were reelected, with the exception of W. Leavine, who was succeeded as a director by Ed Watson of Arcadia. Continuing as vice president is J. McPherson of Orlando, while H. Hopson of Leesburg remains as secretarytreasurer.

Other than Watson, directors include C. Graves of Ridge Manor, D. Thatcher of Miami, and H. Massey of Dade City. The group decided to start making plans for sponsoring a sale to be held during the first part of January The event would include 20 bulls two to three years of age and 25 heifers two years old.

Guest speaker for the session was Dr. Experiment Station at Tifton, Georgia. The major things concerning us in our breeding proPhone: T. Box grams are: cows that reproduce regularly; Midway Res. We thial weaned weight is probably the most im portant trait to emphasize in a selection' Use of a regular advertising program in The Cattleman is a proven way of program. For "Post-weaning growth rate of Sanl further information and rates write: Gertrudis cattle as compared to Angs and Polled Herefords is good.

Efficiency of gain was intermediate between Angus and Polled Hereford cattle. When adjustments are made for condition score, the postweaning performance of Santa Gertrudis cattle drops relatively speaking in respect to that of Angus or Polled Hereford cattle. Whether or not this trend stops with Choice, Good or Even Standard carcasses being in greatest demand we don't know.

Grissim recommends feeding All are classified "S" a high protein supplement of vegetable origin such as cottonseed meal. Cattle on feed will need one and one-half to Our herd is based on selection and performance records. THE U. Arcadia, Fla. WA for January, 59 Luxurious Life! Arthur Pancoast, Panuleta owner.

Joe Silverthorn, owner of Pan-African Airlines, bought Capicola slightly over a year ago to give as a present to the Sardauna of Nigeria, who is the country's political leader and also a brother to the religious leader of Nigeria. The Santa Gertrudis sire has already made his niche in Nigerian life. He now resides in his personal housing facility which is located in his domain of one square mile of pasture land.

This area was cleared especially for Capicoka and is located on desirable riverfront property. A well was also drilled to serve the bull's drinking needs. He is being bred to a select group of Big John Torado cows and Silverthorn says the Sardauna takes great pride in displaying This is our two year old junior herd sire-son of the well known SANTA Capicola to his guests.

He will back our senior sire, Coco RDK 1. The "big one" from the standpoint of number of entries will probably be the Florida State Fair. Ken Durrance of the University of Florida will begin placing entries in the event at p.

Velbertan Lake Ranch of Odessa swept the honors at Tampa last year by showing all four champions. Santa Gertrudis Make Beef They make beef and more of it. With today's demand leaning toward red meat, Santa Gertrudis are more than ever the breed of the future.

So why not try some certified Santa. Gertrudis bulls from Gulf Coast? Gulf Coast Farms, Inc. They will develop into big, rugged sires of profit-making calves. May other types and sizes This was before the organization of a Many breed association and before most folks available. Y the first honest-to-goodness Santa Gertrudis bulls tried in Florida proved very successful in obtaining heavy, good-doing calves. However, these pure Santa Gertrudis were difficult to locate at that time, two Managing the Farm Business decades ago, and prices soared.

Beneke, Iowa State College. Here is a boo0k veloped on the King Ranch in South that shows you how to get the most out of your investment Texas, transportation was provided for of time and money on the farm. It deals with the basic every animal that could be found with a principles of management, describing in detail the sound red hair coat. These red cattle were approaches to the long-range and daily decisions that have to loaded and aimed for the markets everybe made in farming operations.

It offers no cut-and-dried where there was a demand, and a good answers or potentially misleading formulas, and the examples number of red bulls were dumped in the it offers are drawn from the experience of practical farmers, state of Florida. Write to At the same time however, many ranchers were more careful about their The Cattlem an Press purchase, they went directly to the King Ranch or to other breeders of Santa Gertrudis located in the South Texas area Box , Kissimmee, Florida to obtain their bulls.

These first purebred Santa Gertrudis bulls really proved their worth when crossed on native cows or females of British breeding. Heavier weaning weights, a new and better resistance to heat and insects as well as better beef animals resulted by crossing these good Santa Gertrudis bulls on Florida cows. Because of these good pureblood bulls and the results they obtained Florida now ranks second only to Texas in total numbers of Santa Gertrudis.

Many of those cattlemen who made purchases of scrub red cattle after being C. Now, even with an international association that is nearly 12 years old, which is based on a classification system of individual inspection and recorded proof of bloodlines, there is still a public Good heifers like these are the results of our breeding program.

The main chore is to explain to the cattle raising public that present day e a the future looks bright! Santa Gertrudis branded with the S certified purebred or S-bar accredited We've built up a herd of Santa Gertrudis good bull of Fairview Ranch breeding and have both the records and the conforma- cows that are producing a 95 percent calf a Dick Vesper proven sire formerly owned tion of good Santa Gertrudis individuals, crop.

We're certainly proud of this ac- by Hal Hopson , who head up our bull Just last year four bulls gained more complishment, but we're equally proud of battery. We're expecting the best kind of Santa than pounds each for the first time in Our herd sires are improving, also.

We Gertrudis calves to be produced when our Florida in an official day feeding lust recently purchased El Capitan Jr. All three of these bulls were Santa well-known Panuleta sire. He joins a sires. And while doing all of this they will K D produce maximum quantities of quality beef under a variety of range and climatic NE 12th Avenue Telephone WEbster conditions.

All of these traits are necessary for a money-making type of beef Pompano Beach, Florida production in Florida where conditions may often be described as "hard. We can show you several posts which are 12 years and well-regulated classification system enforced by Santa Gertrudis Breeders old and still good at our plant. Posts range from 2 to 7 inches in diameter, International. Prices on Request. Quantity Discounts. Of Breed Gains In Florida. These men travel wherever there are breeders who request that their animals be classified.

Upon physical inspection of each animal individually, the clasifier must either brand it "S," "S-bar," or reject it. He decides the fate of the individual on the basis of conformation, color and breeding information, and then if it is not a reject, he fire brands it with either of the "passing" brands. All offspring from the calves.

In this picture, taken at the Lazy R Bar Ranch at Kissimmee, of Santa mating of two such animals will be satis- Gertrudis-Hereford crosses, there is also evidence of dark eye pigment from the sires, factory as far as the breeding requirement which usually lessens eye difficulties.

And since they pay on they have seen here: is influencing more people to breed Santa the basis of the ones we inspect, they us"So far in ," Brown said, "there Gertrudis. This compares with provement in Florida's Santa Gertrudis in and begin checking. The carcasses shown at left are from first and second cross Santa Gertrudis steers. They were fed for days, gained 2. Fast rate of gain is a proven and highly heritable characteristic of Santa Gertrudis bulls.

More profits will be yours when you cross breed your cows whatever their breed to a certified Santa Gertrudis bull. Write for complete details, without obligation. IRMA L. Phone Boca Raton Bruce B. Blount and Dr. Hyde, owners. Herd was established in and We usuay hav available now consists of 75 brood cows. Herd sires include certified a son of Tornado and a son of Keene No. Stewart and Philip Iglehart, owners.

Ranch lo- bred Santa Gertrudis herd cated near Okeechobee. Herd was established in sires and commercial bulls. Phone adc m e iall blls. Box , Eustis. Also young heifers, Phone Ranch located one mile east of San An- bred and growt Cannon and son, owners. Box , Plant City. Phone or Located on Varn Road, west of Knights.

Herd was established in and now consists of 30 brood cows. Howell C. Hopson, owner. Ranch located on State Road 44, seven miles east of Leesburg. Herd was established in and now contains 65 brood cows. Phone CR Fred Dietrich and family owners. Herd was established in and now consists of 60 brood cows. Located one mile south of Bithlo. Herd sires are of S. Thatcher breeding. Phone WEbster Eaton, owner.

Herd sires include El Capitan Jr. Bradford Fisher, owner. She was then 2 years and 10 months old. Steampunk Fantasy. In this sequel to The Half-Made World , eccentric inventor Harry Ransom recounts his adventures out West, attempting to perfect his perpetual motion machine -- and, in the process, running afoul of the region's rival powers: the Line dedicated to industrialization and the Gun devoted to demon-driven chaos. Urban Fantasy. Just three years after Hurricane Katrina devastates both the magical and mundane cities of New Orleans which overlap , newly appointed wizard sentinel Drusilla "DJ" Jaco and her partner, Alex Warin, undertake an investigation on behalf of undead pirate Jean LaFitte.

In addition to placating feuding families of Cajun merpeople, whose hunting grounds -- well, waters -- have been contaminated, they must also discover why wizards are dying under suspicious circumstances. This sequel to Royal Road is the 2nd fast-paced, intricately plotted installment of the Sentinels of New Orleans series.

Six months after the events of Boneshaker , Rector "Wreck 'Em" Sherman turns 18, meaning that he must leave the orphange and make his way in the world -- or at least, what's left of it. Addicted to the narcotic "sap" distilled from the toxic gas that poisons the air of the walled-in city of Seattle, Wreck 'Em is also haunted by the memory of Zeke Wilkes, a boy whom he once smuggled into the city most likely to his death.

To atone, Wreck 'Em decides to brave the streets of Seattle, now inhabited by zombie-like "rotters," and locate Zeke's remains Although The Inexplicables is the 5th book in Cherie Priest's Clockwork Century series, only knowledge of Boneshaker is required to fully enjoy this particular installment.

Kingdoms Divided. Epic Fantasy. Sibling rivalry is at the heart of Banewreaker. In the beginning of the world, seven brothers and sisters created the land of Urulat. Things turned nasty when Haomone, the eldest brother, took exception to the generosity of his younger brother, Satoris. A terrible war resulted from their rift, leaving the world torn apart and Satoris hated by most, even the humans he was kind to.

Years later, part of a prophecy suggests that if Satoris is killed, the world can be put together again -- but you can bet Satoris isn't going down without a fight. If you enjoy this fascinating tale of gods, monsters, and humans, check out the sequel, Godslayer. Fairy Tale Fantasy. After religious zealot Hakkim Mehdad stages a coup in the city of Bessa, he orders his men to lead the deposed sultan's concubines into the desert and kill them.

However, the women have other ideas. Led by trained assassin Zuleika, wise elder Gursoon, and cursed librarian Rem, the former harem girls conceive of a plan to retake the city, cast out the usurper, and restore order -- or die trying. Structured as a series of nested tales, similar to the stories-within-stories that comprise The Arabian Nights , The Steel Seraglio may appeal to fans of Catherynne M. Symir, also known as the Drowning City, is the port city of Sivahra and currently occupied by the Assari Empire.

Rife with revolutionaries plotting to overthrow the Imperial government, it's the perfect place for forensic necromancer and spy Isyllt Iskaldur to foment rebellion. If she succeeds in causing an uprising, the Assari Empire will be greatly weakened, thus preventing an invasion of her homeland of Selafai.

But Isyllt doesn't expect to sympathize with the rebels she's meant to be manipulating. Full of strong, memorable characters and political intrigue, this opening installment of the Necromancer Chronicles is followed by The Bone Palace and Kingdoms of Dust.

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